During deep sleep, waves of cerebrospinal fluid (blue) coincide with temporary decreases in blood flow (red). Less blood in the brain means more room for the fluid to carry away toxins, including those associated with Alzheimer's disease.
Fultz et al. 2019
A flyer reminding customers about vaping-related deaths and illnesses, on display in a Seattle vape store. The Washington State Board of Health recently passed a four-month emergency ban on flavored vaping products. It applies to products that contain either THC or nicotine.
Jovelle Tamayo/Bloomberg/Getty Images
This year the Drug Enforcement Administration is accepting electronic vaping devices (provided any lithium ion batteries are removed) during its annual National Prescription Drug Take Back Day event.
Lane Turner/The Boston Globe/Getty Images
At Chicago's McCormick Place, neuroscientists from around the world presented their work to colleagues. But some researchers were denied entry because of the Trump administration's travel ban.
Rob Piercy/Allen Institute
Google's processor, Sycamore, performed a truly random-number generation in 200 seconds. The achievement marks a major breakthrough in the decadeslong quest to use quantum mechanics to solve computational problems. Above, a Google sign at the company's campus in Mountain View, Calif.
A firefighter participates in a controlled burn in a forest outside El Perelló in Catalonia, Spain, on Sept. 27. NPR followed a special unit into the woods in Spain to see how they burn for prevention.
Aaron Labaree for NPR
Though there are websites, hotlines, therapists and coaches to help teens manage nicotine cravings, there's been little research to show what works best. Recently, some programs have turned to texting to help kids find resources specific to vaping cessation.
Towfiqu Photography/Getty Images
Engineer Joel Steinkraus tests solar panels on one of two CubeSats that made up NASA's Mars Cube One mission. The MarCO CubeSats — the first to be sent into deep space — flew to Mars and relayed telemetry from NASA's InSight lander.
for salmon but delivering less water for cities and farmers. State officials say water users along the Tuolumne River have agreed to voluntary concessions that would improve salmon habitat instead of the mandated increase in water flows. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, File)
Jae C. Hong/AP